Doji is single-candle pattern that means the market uncertainty, the opening price is almost the same as the closing one. When a doji appear at the high, it is considered to be a stronger signal. Everyone can try trading candlestick chart patterns on theLiteFinance demo account for free without registration. Trading Forex with candlestick patterns may seem complicated, but having learnt major patterns and practicing trading, you will learn to trade successfully. The movement should start above the lower border of the previous candle and impulsively break through the closing price of the first bullish candle.

candlesticks chart

The hanging man is the bearish equivalent of a hammer; it has the same shape but forms at the end of an uptrend. The piercing line is also a two-stick pattern, made up of a long red candle, followed by a long green candle. Some online brokerages have practice modules that allow you to use “fake money” to practice trading before you start using real money.

However, the has ultimately returned to the starting point. The bearish harami has an opposite identifier to the bullish reversal pattern, where it consists of a long white candle followed by a small black candle. The second candle has an opening and closing price that is contained within the body of the first up candle. Chart – Expanding in more detail on the line chart, the bar chart includes several more key fragments of information that are added to each data point on the graph. Made up of a sequence of vertical lines where each line is a representation of trading information. They do represent the highs and low of the trading period as well as the open and closing price. The open and the close price are represented by a horizontal shorter line. The open price is the ‘dash’ that is located on the left side of the vertical bar and conversely the close price indicated by a similar horizontal line, to the right side of the bar.

What is the golden rule in forex?

This is one of the most crucial aspects of forex trading. Many traders fail to heed this important advice: never invest more than 2% of your available capital on any individual trade. Doing so puts you at significant risk of loss.

Even though the pattern shows us that the price is falling for three straight days, a new low is not seen, and the bull traders prepare for the next move up. Learning candle patterns in groups is much like recognizing family members. If a large number of relatives were disbursed in a crowd of strangers it would be easy to miss them.

How you could profit from candlestick trading

Candlestick charts are more visual, due to the color coding of the price bars and thicker real bodies, which are better at highlighting the difference between the open and the close. It is recognized when the price stagnates after an upward trend and it does so in form of a small bodied candle. In Forex, this candlestick is most of the time a doji or a spinning top, preceding a third candle which closes well below the body of the second candle and deeply into the first candle’s body. The first candle has to be relatively large in comparison to the preceding candles. This candlestick pattern generally indicates that confidence in the current trend has eroded and that bears are taking control.


Many technical analysts believe that a tall, or long, shadow indicates a future turning or reversal of stock. It’s also common for analysts to believe that a low, or short, shadow speaks to a coming rise in price. Tall upper shadows often indicate a coming downturn, while tall, lower shadows indicate a future rise.

Four continuation candlestick patterns

The lower the second candle reaches, the more significant this downturn may be. Shooting star candlesticks take the same shape as an inverted hammer, but take an uptrend, with a small lower body and a long upper wick. Volume candlesticks give investors another dimension of information through the width of the candle. Higher trading volumes equal wider candlestick bodies, while low-volume days create skinny candlesticks. By examining the volume of a candlestick, chartists can identify various shapes and patterns that speak to the expected direction of stock prices. The wick, which is also referred to as a shadow, demonstrates the extremes in price across a specific charting period.


In this article, you will learn how to read a stock market chart, the absolutely essential… It is very easy to make use of charts as you can get a grasp of the changes in prices by just looking at them. On the chart, you will see how various currencies move and you can ascertain the tendency of going up or down at a particular time. It has to do with the two axes and the y-axis is on the vertical side, and it stands for the price scale while the time is depicted on the horizontal side which is thex-axis.

To produce a pattern, you will use the open price of the first candle stick, the high and low of the pattern and the closing price of the last candlestick. Not only does this give you a good summation of the period, it will also give you an excellent visual image of the trend as well. The green candle which is occasionally white represents the buyer and explains that the buyer triumphed in a given time because the level of the closing price is higher than that of the opening. It pictures the activity of trades going on for the duration of a particular trading period notwithstanding the duration whether in minutes, hours, days or even weeks. If the next candle fails to make a new high then it sets up a short-sell trigger when the low of the third candlestick is breached. This opens up a trap door that indicates panic selling as longs evacuate the burning theater in a frenzied attempt to curtail losses.

Element 1: Size of the candlestick body

The first candle has a small green body that is engulfed by a subsequent long red candle. The hammer candlestick pattern is formed of a short body with a long lower wick, and is found at the bottom of a downward trend. The position of the candlesticks on the graph shows the fluctuations in the exchange rate between the two currencies over the period of time you’ve chosen. The time period is expressed in intervals along the Y-axis and the exchange rate is charted along the X-axis. Candlesticks with long shadows show that trading action occurred well past the open and close. On the other hand, candlesticks with short shadows indicate that most of the trading action was confined near the open and close. this article has helped me to achieve that goal to some extent and I’ve never been this enlightened about forex. This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Jennifer Mueller, JD. Jennifer Mueller is a wikiHow Content Creator. She specializes in reviewing, fact-checking, and evaluating wikiHow’s content to ensure thoroughness and accuracy. Jennifer holds a JD from Indiana University Maurer School of Law in 2006. The position of the bar relative to the bars before and after it gives you an idea of the overall trend for that pairing. For example, if the bars are moving steadily upwards, that indicates that the rate is increasing over time.

  • This would show us the full picture – with the open, close, highest point and low price of the asset in that given period.
  • This is what distinguishes from a doji, shooting star or hanging man bearish reversal pattern.
  • However, candlestick charts have a box between the open and close price values.
  • The hanging man looks the same as the hammer, but it appears during bullish trends and suggests that a correction to the downside might soon materialize.
  • Traders watch the volume behind a price movement to determine if it’s backed by conviction or lack thereof.

Most often, such candles appear within bearish flag or pennant price patterns. Such a candlestick means the number of sell trades has increased, and one could enter a short trade. The candlestick range is the distance between the highest and the lowest price. This candlestick was a signal for a soon breakout of the ‎flag‎, and the trader, having waited for the correction to finish, would open a buy position and make a good profit. Candles are either bullish or bearish depending on the direction of the price during the period they are drawn for. Regardless of the time period, a Candlestick represents four distinct values on a chart.

They’re easily identifiable as they’re thinner than the body of the candlestick. Wicks allow traders to note market momentum outside of the static of price extremes, providing visual indications as to the direction of growth. Forex candlestick trading patterns are largely drawn from candlestick charts, rather than bar charts. Candlestick charts are preferred as these patterns are developed specifically based on them. A row of upwardly-moving long white or green candles indicates a currency pair such as the EUR/USD is in a strong, bullish trend.

For example, if the candlestick chart is 5-minutes, this means that each candlestick shows information in each 5-minute interval. To make it more simple, imagine that there are two candlesticks colored green and red. The green body has shadows, as well, which are also called tails or wicks.

How do you read a candlestick chart for beginners?

To accurately analyze candlestick graphs, one should study most common candlestick patterns and practice in a price chart. For a beginner, it will be enough to learn most common trend continuation and reversal patterns.

The various pairs available depend on the Forex service you’re using. You also often have the option of looking at minor pairs as well, such as AUD/CAD . This article received 12 testimonials and 95% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. To learn more about Ezekiel’s method of trading backed by mathematical probability, you can check out his one core program.

They also speak volumes about the psychological and emotional state of traders, which is an extremely important aspect we shall cover in this chapter. In contrast with the shooting star, the hammer is a bullish candlestick pattern. It is perfect for those traders who want to open a long position. It shows the time period when a certain asset starts a downtrend and indicates the point where the stock had the lowest price to buy.

​​ three days in a row, indicating that prices closed higher for three simultaneous days. Three-line strikes usually occur at the end of a downtrend and may, therefore, indicate that a reversal might be in order. Doji, or crosses, are usually made up of a single candlestick and they show that the opening and closing price of a candlestick is virtually the same. Three-method formation patterns are used to predict the continuation of a current trend, be it bearish or bullish. “This was the most helpful article I’ve read to understand the actual candlesticks.” “Those candlestick’s names and their reaction in the the charts helped me to understand a lot.”

bullish candlestick pattern

Once you have learned to read a Forex candlestick chart, you will begin to parse universal patterns that will help you take in a situation at a glance. One of the benefits of the candlestick chart is it does the work of at least two charts, saving the time you will spend shuffling documents. If you have ever used Forex candlestick charts, you will certainly recognize them for the helpful tools they are, especially when the foreign exchange market is concerned. This market commentary and analysis has been prepared for ATFX by a third party for general information purposes only. You should therefore seek independent advice before making any investment decisions.

If the preceding candles are bearish then the doji candlestick will likely form a bullish reversal. Long triggers form above the body or candlestick high with a trail stop under the low of the doji. Gravestone doji is a significant bearish reversal pattern that mainly occurs at the top of uptrends.

While there many different patterns, we will discuss some of the most popular Candlestick patterns that can help in reading a price chart like a professional trader. For example, a down candle is often shaded red instead of black, and up candles are often shaded green instead of white. This pattern is similar to the engulfing with the difference that this one does not completely engulfs the previous candle. It occurs during a downward trend, when the market gains enough strength to close the candle above the midpoint of the previous candle .

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