This measures the hospital’s ability to meet its current liabilities with its current assets . A ratio of 1.0 or higher indicates that all current liabilities could be adequately covered by the hospital’s existing current assets. Coverage RatioThe coverage ratio indicates the company’s ability to meet all of its obligations, including debt, leasing payments, and dividends, over any specified period. A higher coverage ratio indicates that the business is a stronger position to repay its debt. Popular coverage ratios include debt, interest, asset, and cash coverage.

accounts receivable turnover

In addition, some accounts in current assets also do not represent the potential cash inflows to the company. It represents the money the company has paid to the supplier for supplying the input in the future.

Interpretation of Financial Ratio Analysis

Typical values for the current ratio vary by firm and industry. For example, firms in cyclical industries may maintain a higher current ratio in order to remain solvent during downturns. The operating profit margin tells us what percentage of dollars the company has left on each sale after paying all operating expenses. It also depends on the competitive strategies adopted by the company. For example, gross profit margin tells us whether the company chooses a differentiation strategy or a cost leadership strategy. To dig deeper, we should compare it to competitors or industry averages.

  • Proportion of a stock’s (asset’s) risk that can be explained by the market.
  • If there has been inflation between periods, real prices are not depicted in the financial accounts.
  • The receivables turnover ratio helps companies measure how quickly they turn customers’ invoices into cash.
  • One is to assume that income will eventually have to make its way to the company’s domicile and use the marginal tax rate for the country in which the company is incorporated.

A DSCR of less than 1.0 implies that the operating cash flows are insufficient for debt servicing, indicating negative cash flows. Operating LeverageOperating Leverage is an accounting metric that helps the analyst in analyzing how a company’s operations are related to the company’s revenues. The ratio gives details about how much of a revenue increase will the company have with a specific percentage of sales increase – which puts the predictability of sales into the forefront. Ratio measures the effectiveness with which a firm uses its financial resources.

Uses and Users of Financial Ratio Analysis

It shows how well management is managing and using assets, both short-term and long-term. Financial ratios are simple formulas or fractions that you can use to compare two different items from a company’s financial statements. The reason we do this is that these ratios can give you a lot more insight into how the company is performing than by looking at those financial statement line items separately. There are significant limitations on the use of financial ratios. First, the information used for a ratio is as of a specific point in time or reporting period, which may not be indicative of long-term trends. Second, the information in a ratio is highly aggregated, and tells little about the underlying dynamics of a business.

A company may be thrilled with this financial ratio until it learns that every competitor is achieving a gross profit margin of 25%. Ratio analysis is incredibly useful for a company to better stand how its performance compares to similar companies. Ratio analysis compares line-item data from a company’s financial statements to reveal insights regarding profitability, liquidity, operational efficiency, and solvency.

Leverage ratios

Then, comparing with peers or industry averages is the next benchmark. It is important to answer whether the company is performing better than its competitors. So, for example, a company may record an increase in the ratio from year to year, but it may not outperform competitors. A differentiation strategy allows the company to earn high margins for each unit sold since it can charge a premium price. Conversely, a ratio close to or less than one indicates the company has serious difficulties paying interest.


It considers the days inventory outstanding, days sales outstanding and days payable outstanding for computation. This financial ratio measures the relative inventory size and influences the cash available to pay liabilities. Inventory Turnover RatioInventory Turnover Ratio measures how fast the company replaces a current batch of inventories and transforms them into sales. Higher ratio indicates that the company’s product is in high demand and sells quickly, resulting in lower inventory management costs and more earnings.

Net margins vary widely across sectors and, even within a sector, widely across firms as a reflection of the pricing strategy adopted by the firm. Some firms adopt low-margin, high volume strategies whereas others go for high-margin, low volume strategies. Much as we would like to get the best of both worlds – high margins and high volume – it is usually infeasible. There are gaps in time between financial statements because they are often released. If there has been inflation between periods, real prices are not depicted in the financial accounts. As a result, the numbers are not comparable throughout time periods until they are adjusted for inflation. The current and non-current monies set aside for specific purposes, such as debt repayment, funded depreciation and other board designated purposes.

Businesses use financial ratios to determine liquidity, debt concentration, growth, profitability, and market value. Financial ratios are basic calculations using quantitative data from a company’s financial statements. They are used to get insights and important information on the company’s performance, profitability, and financial health. There are other financial analysis techniques that owners and potential investors can combine with financial ratios to add to the insights gained. These include analyses such as common size analysis and a more in-depth analysis of the statement of cash flows.

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